Sunday, April 13, 2008
KK’s comment made me take a look into the Olympics Committee to see how a city is selected. As you can see boycotting of Olympics is nothing new and it was first done by US against Moscow in year 1980 and retaliated by the Moscovites in year 1984.
Tibet has every right to protest and I am with them. But why was Beijing selected in the first place when Tibet’s fight is nothing new to the whole world? And why is that certain countries other than Tibet take the Olympics as their arena when they feel agitated against certain “Occupations” that irks them while they themselves are freely doing it?
NATIONAL OLYMPIC COMMITTEES
The National Olympic Committees (NOCs) propagate the fundamental principles of Olympism at a national level within the framework of sports activity
ORGANISATION OF THE NOCs
There are currently 205 National Olympic Committees over five continents.
ASSOCIATION OF NATIONAL OLYMPIC COMMITTEES
The NOCs come together at least once every two years in the form of the Association of National Olympic Committees (ANOC) to exchange information and experiences in order to consolidate their role within the Olympic Movement. In this way the ANOC helps the NOCs to prepare for their meetings with the IOC Executive Board and Olympic Congresses.
The ANOC also makes recommendations to the IOC regarding the use of funds deriving from the television rights intended for the NOCs. These recommendations focus on the implementation of the Olympic Solidarity programmes in particular.
The ANOC is currently made up of the 205 NOCs and is split among five continental associations:
AFRICA: ANOCA (Association of National Olympic Committees of Africa)
AMERICA: PASO (Pan American Sports Organisation)
ASIA: OCA (Olympic Council of Asia)
EUROPE: EOC (European Olympic Committees)
OCEANIA: ONOC (Oceania National Olympic Committees)
MISSIONS OF THE NOCs
The National Olympic Committees (NOCs) promote the fundamental principles of Olympism at a national level within the framework of sports. NOCs are committed to the development of athletes and support the development of sport for all programs and high performance sport in their countries. They also participate in the training of sports administrators by organising educational programs.
Another objective of the National Olympic Committees is to ensure that athletes from their respective nations attend the Olympic Games. Only a NOC is able to select and send teams and competitors for participation in the Olympic Games.
National Olympic Committees also supervise the preliminary selection of potential bid cities. Before a candidate city can compete against those in other countries, it first must win the selection process by the NOC in its own country. The National Olympic Committee can then name that city to the IOC as a candidate to host the Olympic Games.
Although most NOCs are from nations, the IOC also recognises independent territories, commonwealths, protectorates and geographical areas. There are currently 205 NOCs, ranging from Albania to Zimbabwe.
THE AMERICAN BOYCOTT
The Olympics were disrupted by another, even larger boycott, this one led by U.S. president Jimmy Carter, part of a package of actions to protest the December 1979 Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. Carter engaged in extensive arm-twisting to gain support from other nations. Some governments, like those of Great Britain and Australia, supported the boycott but allowed the athletes to decide for themselves whether to go to Moscow. No such freedom of choice was allowed U.S. athletes, as Carter threatened to revoke the passport of any athlete who tried to travel to the USSR. In the end, 65 nations turned down their invitations to the Olympics; probably 45 to 50 did so because of the U.S.-led boycott. Eighty nations did participate - the lowest number since 1956.
LOS ANGELES 1984
After the terrorist attack in 1972 and the financial disaster of 1976, only Los Angeles bid for the right to host the 1984 Olympic Games. As the Los Angeles Games were the first since 1896 to be staged without government financing, the organisers depended heavily on existing facilities and corporate sponsors. Although criticised at the time, the 1984 Los Angeles Olympic Games became the model for future Games, particularly after it was revealed that they had produced a profit of US$ 223 million.
THE SOVIET BOYCOTT
With the Olympics being held in the United States only four years after the U.S.- led boycott of the Moscow Games, it was not surprising that the Soviet Union organised a revenge boycott in 1984. This time only 14 nations stayed away - but those nations accounted for 58% of the gold medals at the 1976 Olympics.
INTERNATIONAL OLYMPIC TRUCE FOUNDATION
Kofi Annan during the presentation of the Olympic Truce sculpture
In the framework of promoting peace through sport and the Olympic ideal, the IOC established an International Olympic Truce Foundation (IOTF) in July 2000.
As a non-governmental organisation belonging to the Olympic Movement, the IOTF defines its actions around the following objectives:
- To promote the Olympic ideals to serve peace, friendship and understanding in the world, and in particular, to promote the ancient Greek tradition of the Olympic Truce;
- To initiate conflict prevention and resolution through sport, culture and the Olympic ideals, by cooperating with all inter and non-governmental organisations specialised in this field, by developing educational and research programmes, and by launching communications campaigns to promote the Olympic Truce.
INTERNATIONAL OLYMPIC TRUCE CENTRE
To meet these objectives, the IOTF established an International Olympic Truce Centre (IOTC), which is responsible for the implementation of projects related to the global promotion of a culture of peace through sport and the Olympic ideal, in accordance with the principles and policies established by the Foundation. The Centre's main headquarters are located in Athens, Greece, with a liaison office in Lausanne, Switzerland, and a symbolic office in Olympia, Greece.
The IOTF is administered by a Board composed of personalities from the world of sports and politics, and meets once a year.
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